Decision-Making in secondary and tertiary interventions of school-wide systems of positive behavior support

by Scott, T.M., Alter, P.J., Rosenburg, M., & Borgmeier, C.

The paper defines the key features of secondary and tertiary interventions and presents a decision-making process to guide schools.  The decision making process is a four step strategy.  The four steps are presented in detail at the secondary level and then adaptations for use at the tertiary level are presented.  The authors make effort to clarify the nature and sequencing strategies that are applied across a PBS system.  The steps provided are applicable school wide, among smaller sets of non-responders, and for individuals experiencing chronic failure.  The four elements in the process are 1) Prediction, 2) High-Probability interventions, 3) Consistency, and 4) Assessment. A figure is provided to visually outline the process.  Three types of FBA are discussed in the article: “consultation-based functional assessment”, “team-based functional assessment”, “wraparound-based functional assessment.”  A discussion of recommendations to educators concludes the article.

Education and Treatment of Children